Karna in Mahabharat is depicted as one of the most complex characters. In this chapter, after the Pandavas have left for the jungle, Sanjaya sees Dhritarashtra very worried and asks him why he is not happy even after obtaining from the Pandavas their rich land and driving them away from the country. Excellent article. Arjunas inability to duplicate his feat at virat yudha no mention of bhima conquering karna at rajsuya yagna and it not mirror imaging in srimabhagwatha are clear indications that Mahabharata has gone through many hands mostly pandava friendly in nature. For the Mahabharata is not just a book but much, much more than that. 13). Draupadi was also to be blamed to insult Kauravas for any of stupid reasons .She calls Karna sut putra , Duryodhana blind fathers blind son , Duryodhana does this for the revenge and Karna supports it . 12). Or obscene. There is no statement to that effect in the Mahabharata. Which recension of Mahābhārata did K M Ganguli use for his translation? I found Mr Bhattacharya’s arguments convincing and the evidence provided plenty. site design / logo © 2020 Stack Exchange Inc; user contributions licensed under cc by-sa. Dhritarashtra is censured because the Kauravas have not yet answered Draupadi’s question as to whether she is a slave or not. Like fire destroys the block He is summing up the events that happened in the Dice Hall, recounting each important event. 1) One of the funniest statements I heard from a few was "Karna did not call Draupadi a prostitute - he called her unchaste". I believe this is far more than enough proof. Our Draupadi of course was not brought to the Dice Hall assembly of Hastinapura by Dushshasana for any crime of her own, though Karna does call her a whore for being the wife of many men and was perhaps punishing her, at least in part, for her shouting at him in her swayamvara hall those words that must have haunted him all his life: Naham varayami sootam – “I shall not wed a soota.” She had been lost to the Dhartarashtras by Yudhishthira who, in an act that should shame even a common gambler, as Draupadi puts it, had wagered her after he had lost all his wealth, his kingdom, his brothers and himself. Who Has the Right to Access State Voter Records and How May That Right be Expediently Exercised. Nor does Krishna remind her “But I saved you that day, Draupadi, by supplying an endless stream of cloths!” For, Krishna hadn’t appeared in the dice hall to save Draupadi, hadn’t caused any miracle to save her on that day. Which means she was present there. Two shlokas later, in shloka 37, Draupadi asks Dushshasana not to disrobe her, not to drag her –ma ma vivastram kuru, ma vikarsheeh. I read in many books that Draupadi had crush on Karna. And then he asks Dushshasana, the Mahabharata tells us, to remove the clothes of the Pandavas and to disrobe Draupadi. Arjuna also cut off the bright armour of Karna in many fragments. Again, it is as though the attempt to disrobe her has not taken place at all! If you think that bringing her into the sabha when she is Subsequently the last shloka of the chapter mentions that her uttareeya had slipped – since Draupadi is wearing a single piece of cloth, this has to be the upper part of that cloth. Did Karna really used inappropriate words for Draupadi in dice game? This answer is not useful. And Dushshasana proceeds to do just that. He then adds that the Pandavas and Draupadi had lost their right to own anything since they have become their slaves – even the clothes they wore did not belong to them. She does not refer to the attempted disrobing! have to say in response. in conclusion in my opinion THIS ARTICLE SHOULD NOT BE GIVEN ANY IMPORTANCE as it shows only ignorance of our scriptures and same as the other modern articles which tries to pick apart various parts of our scriptures and CRITICAL STUDYING THEM in the name of MODERN SCHOLARSHIP which is pure GARBAGE. It is difficult to imagine the epic without that haunting scene. Does a parabolic trajectory really exist in nature? Draupadi Cheer Haran, Lord Krishana did not save Draupadi from Cheer Haran. In the Shalya Parva of the Mahabharata, though, there is a solitary reference to Draupadi being made naked in the assembly, says Mr Bhattacharya, quoting Dr John D. Smith who points this out. Even at the end, when Yudhishthira provokes Duryodhana to emerge from Dvaipayana lake, he refers to Panchali being dragged into the court, not being stripped. When Karna tried to compete, she certainly didn’t favor him in any way. Imagining the Mahabharata without the stripping of Draupadi is like imagining the Ramayana without Rama’s exile to the forest, without Sita’s agni-pravesha. here have not uttered a word. To this effect we have Manusmṛti 4.138 saying: satyaṃ brūyāt priyaṃ brūyānna brūyāt satyamapriyam | did nothing because they were bound by “Dharma”. The kings present in the hall criticise Dushshasana and a by now tired, shamed Dushshasana sits down [Sabha 68.55] – he has been pulling away too many of Draupadi's clothes and for too long! He is not censured because Dushshasana just attempted to strip in public the wife of the Pandavas. It is capable of absorbing these and much more in its torrential power. Then later, an inconsolably wailing Draupadi tells Krishna: “I have no husbands, no sons, no relations. has not been won? Karna was attacking not only an unarmed Krishna, but also one who was probably outside the chariot! Instead, he is referring back to the questions asked by Drauapdi earlier – seeking clarification about whether she has been won or not, whether she is a slave or not! Incidentally, Gita Press’s Hindi translation mentions a number of additional times the stripping of Draupadi. Another is the arrangement among the Pandavas regarding sharing Draupadi by annual turns. The name of the parva is "Dyūta Parva" so the text I quoted is from the dice game episode only. only a child, though he speaks words of wisdom. Draupadi once told satyabhama that her mind never thinks about any man other than her husbands, no matter how well dressed, handsome, rich any man is. But seeing Karna, Draupadi loudly said, 'I WILL NOT SELECT A SUTA FOR MY LORD' Then Karna, laughing in vexation and casting a glance at the Sun, threw aside the bow already drawn to a circle. What are we to do about these? Karna hated Draupadi because she denied him entry into the swayamvara competition because she thought he was low caste (soota). However, “none of the Puranas – not even the bhakti-cult’s Bhagavata – nor the Harivamsha refer to the stripping.” The Devi Bhagavata, says Mr Bhattacharya, even when it refers twice to Draupadi being dragged by her hair does not refer to the stripping. Where is criticism for Karna for asking Dushshasana to do it? The internal evidence strongly shows the stripping episode is an interpolation. He is not censured for his son’s attempt to disrobe a menstruating woman in the assembly. ~00~
Bibek Debroy uses 'courtesan' in his translation of that verse. Nor does he refer to it in his subsequent speech that follows. This enduring picture of horror and humiliation of a woman is undoubtedly one of the most shameful acts narrated by the epic full of shameful acts committed by men on other men, women and children, and has become one of the central images of the Mahabharata. Draupadi who comes and greets Krishna after the others have received him says his coming like this should not surprise anyone – he has come to them like this earlier too. Krishna, in his embassy to the Kauravas, mentions Draupadi being dragged into court but there is no reference to any stripping (5.95.59). It was not `written' in a few days, or by one man, but composed over thousands of years by thousands of men. I saw one program where they talked about the Lakshman Rekha episode from Ramayana that is apparently not even present in popular versions (Valmiki, Tulasi, etc.). Recreate them? Listing all functions available in QGIS's Virtual Layer. As the assembly of kings applaud and shout in wonder at the miracle, a fuming Bheema takes the vow to tear open in war Dushshasana’s chest and drink his blood, and an exhausted and shamed Dushshasana collapses on the ground. A second occasion is where Vaishampayana mentions the incidents of the day in Sabha 79. Out of childishness, you alone are being torn to bits. In this context the word rajaswala is mentioned, referring to her periods at this time, something that has been referred to throughout. Did Bhima kill the Vikarna(brother of Duryodhana) in the battle of Kurukshetra or not? This means the editors of the C.E. Did Karna Really Call Draupadi A Vaishya – Prostitute? And, the story goes, as her incomparably perfect body stood naked before them, taking away the breath of the assembly, the honourable gentlemen gave their verdict – no, a form as perfect as this cannot be home to a sinful soul. One, when he came and saved the Pandavas from Durvasa. Svayamvara: The first interaction between Draupadi and Karna is during her svayamvara. Karna was defeated by Bhima in his Rajsuya conquest. His opening words too are extremely important to the understanding of the disrobing episode. 25-26). Thank you. In shloka 79.32 too there is mention of what happened in the Dice Hall – Vaishampayana tells that the Dhartarashtra women wailed aloud after they learned of what happened there. Dhritarashtra! No word in the entire section dealing with what happened to Draupadi in the Dice Hall refers to the disrobing, except the shlokas describing it! He did not insult Karna's race he was basically saying that Karna is … Instead, he calls him a wicked sinner and a shame on the Bharatas and then takes that vow. A question that rises naturally is whether we should then keep these additions in the Mahabharata – or should we bring the text back to its original `purity' by editing off these and other similar possible later additions to the text? Hindu apologists consider the Manusmriti as the divine code of conduct and, accordingly, the status of women as … 02,061.035c iyaṃ tv anekavaśagā bandhakī ti viniścitā. Fiducial marks: Do they need to be a pad or is it okay if I use the top silk layer? He does not refer to the miracle of Draupadi's honour being saved. As her single cloth is pulled off, the epic tells us, another appears in its place and then yet another and yet another, until on the ground lie a huge heap of multicoloured clothes that Dushshasana has pulled off her. Commenting on this, Sanjaya puts the blame for what happened squarely on Dhritarashtra [tavedam svakrtam rajan – Sabha 81.5] and then recounts the events that happened in the assembly on that day. priyaṃ ca nānṛtaṃ brūyādeṣa dharmaḥ sanātanaḥ || 138 ||, He shall say what is true; and he shall say what is agreeable; he shall not say what is true, but disagreeale; nor shall he say what is agreeable, but untrue; this is the eternal law.—(138). Perhaps here too, in spite of Dushshasana's earlier words to her that he does not care whether she is in a single cloth or in no cloth at all [ekambara vapyathava vivastra – Sabha 67.34], the disrobing Draupadi is talking about seems to be accidental. Moving further, I agree that whoever [I assume it is one person] interpolated the stripping to the text of the Mahabharata, though, was undoubtedly a highly competent person – very highly. Very nicely written and very convincing article. Also, as the cries of jackals and donkeys and birds fill the air, Gandhari, along with Vidura, requests Dhritarashtra to interfere. Did Arjuna really win against the Kauravas all alone in Virata Kingdom Battle. Like one with limited intelligence, you proclaim that Draupadi as Indrani is the appropriate wife of Pandava-Indras, but that is certainly not an adequate explanation why she is called Indrani, and indeed there are other parallels of Indrani and Draupadi. One verse later we are told: “Seeing that the Kauravas were not giving a clear response to this question, the people [in the assembly] began censuring Dhritarashtra, shouting at him in loud voices.” [Sabha 68.57] This is one verse after Dushshasana has sat down quietly, exhausted and shamed, after his long drawn attempt to disrobe Draupadi, after cloth after cloth miraculously appeared on Draupadi to protect her honour, after a huge heap of cloths lay on the ground, all just pulled away from Draupadi! I think it's blessed to be able to enquire into sacred text while remaining crystal clear of the 'bigger-picture'. Shloka 35 of this chapter mentions the slipping off of half of Draupadi's cloth [patitardhavastra]. oh man! Show activity on this post. No part of this Internet site may
... All the time, he nourished bitterness within himself about his so-called low birth. Duhshasana boastfully displays to Bhima the arm with which he dragged her by the hair; but neither he nor Bhima, who rips it off, refers to the grosser offence by far, namely the hand that did the stripping.”
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